The name of the hill, Mamayev, remains from the era of the Golden Horde, when its peak served as a viewing platform for nomads’ guard posts. According to a legend, Mamai, the warlord of the Tatar-Mongols, and his golden suit of armor are buried in this hill but this has not been officially proven by documents.
Today, Mamayev Kurgan is recognized as one of the seven Russian wonders of the world for the memorial complex To the Heroes of the Battle of Stalingrad, the main monument that can be seen from afar. The Motherland Calls is an 85-meter sculpture of a woman with a sword in her hand calling everyone to battle with the enemy, and, according to the Guinness Book of World Records, is one of the tallest sculptures in the world. You can even admire it at night because the monument is illuminated by floodlights; when you visit the Hall of Military Glory and the wall-ruins you will hear the sounds of music and the voice of Yuri Levitan, the legendary Soviet radio announcer.