From Murmansk, you can continue your journey further north to Norway or Finland. You will reach the border of both these countries in about 3 hours by car.
There are extreme variations in daylight on the Kola Peninsula—there is a season of polar days (when the sun stays above the horizon for 24 hours) and polar nights (when the sun doesn’t rise above the horizon at all). You can observe the northern lights on the Kola Peninsula during the polar nights period, as well as in the off-season from September 1 to April 15.
The northern lights are a complex natural phenomenon and a lot of factors determine whether you’ll be able to see them. Very simply, in order to observe the northern lights, you need to find a place with an open view of the northern horizon with no artificial lighting and without clouds. Conditions in the Murmansk Oblast make it rather difficult to find a place with suitable parameters. This is mainly due to the weather, which is quite changeable and unpredictable due to the proximity of the Arctic Ocean. The hunt for the northern lights is the process of finding suitable places for a specific night of observation (yes, the northern lights are seen at night).